To understand the church in twenty-first century Cuba, we must be aware of its particular character and history and the five events that have had a significant impact on the Christian church. Therefore the Cuba study is about the church in Cuba in its various forms: Roman Catholic, Protestant, and those of Santeriía and African-Christian religions. Until the last quarter of the nineteenth century, Roman Catholicism was the only legal way to worship in Cuba. Cathedrals and churches were found almost entirely in urban centers. Worshipers were, for the most part, the comfortable in society. Popular Cuban culture with its Spanish origins had a veneer of Christian faith but as Cuba's distinctive identity developed, its spirit was affected by African-Christian religions.